Tikamgarh city is the head quarter of the Tikamgarh district. The district takes its name from the head quarter town as Tihri, in Orchha state. In the year 1783 Raja Vikramajit shifted his capital from Orchha town to Tihri and renamed it as Tilakgarh. Tilakgarh officially got approved its name on 1887.

Tikamgarh is located in the northern part of the state. It forms the north-western part of Sagar District and lies on the Bundelkhand Plateau between the Jamni, a tributary of Betwa and Dhasan rivers.The Betwa River flows along the northwestern boundary of the district and Dhasan, one of its tributaries flows along the eastern boundary of the district. Both of these rivers flow towards the northeast. The tributaries of the Betwa flowing through this district are Jamni, Bagri and Barua.

Tikamgarh District shares common boundaries with Chhatarpur district in the east, Lalitpur district of Uttar Pradesh in the West, Jhansi district of Uttar Pradesh in the North and Sagar district in the South. The western and eastern boundaries are formed by two big rivers.The district has a total area of 5048 square kilometers and 12,02,998 is the total population.

Tikamgarh district is divided into six tehsils grouped into three sub divisions of Tikamgarh, Niwari and Jatara. The Tikamgarh sub division comprises Tikamgarh and Baldeogarh tehsils, Niwari and Prithvipur tehsil form Niwari Sub Division whereas Jatara sub division comprises of Jatara and Palera Tehsil. There are six development blocks namely Tikamgarh, Jatara, Baldeogarh, Palera, Niwari and Prithvipur. Tikamgarh district is one of the 48 districts of Madhya Pradesh state in central India.

Location info:

Tikamgarh District is located in the northern part of Madhya Pradesh. It forms the north-western part of Sagar District. It lies on the Bundelkhand Plateau between the Jamni, a tributary of Betwa and Dhasan rivers. It extends between the latitude 24 degree 26 minute and 25 degree 34 minute N and between 78 degree26 minute and 79 degree 21 minute Longitudes. The shape of district is triangular. The northern margin is very irregular. The maximum length of the district is about 119 Km. From North to South and width about 80 Km. Tikamgarh District is bounded by Chhatarpur district to east, Lalitpur district Uttar Pradesh to West, Jhansi to North and Sagar to South. The western and Eastern boundaries are formed by two big rivers.


The Climate of Tikamgarh district is monsoon type. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season from December to February followed by the hot season, from March to about the middle of June. The period from about mid-June to the end of September is the rainy season. The months of October and November constitute the post-monsoon or transition season.

The maximum temperature of the district is 43° C and minimum is 23° C. except monsoon the climate is very dry through out the year. The average rainfall of the city is 40 inch.

There is only one rain gauge station in the district at Tikamgarh. The average rainfall of the district is 40 inch. It varies from 33 inch to 54 inch, in different parts of the district. It is seen that rainfall in the district in general increases from northwest to southwest. Parts of the Niwari tehsil and Mohangarh of Jatara tehsil alos come in the low rainfall zone. About 90 percent of the annual rainfall in the district is received during the south-west monsoon season - June - September, July being the rainiest month.

There is no meteorological observation in the district. The description which follows is based on the records of the observations in the neighbouring districts which have similar climate. After February temperature rise progressively. May is generally the hottest month with mean daily maximum temperature at about 43 degree celcilus and low 29 degree celcicus. On individual day temperature may rise upto about 47 degree Celcious . The relative humidity is high during the monsoon season, it being generally above 70 percent. In the rest of the year the air is comparatively dry. The driest part of the year is summer season when the relative humidity is less than 20 percent the afternoons.

History of Tikamgarh

Tikamgarh district was the part of vast empires successively ruled by the Mayuras, the Sungas and the Guptas. It was in the first quarter of ninth century A.D., that Mannuka founded a new dynasty as Chandella in this area. Tikamgarh was at that time came under this dynasty. Then successively it was ruled by Khangras and then by Bundelas. In 16th century Bundeli chief Raja Rudra Pratap, changed his capital to Tihri, about 40 kilometer south of Orchha, where Tikamgarh fort was situated and the capital was named after it as Tikamgarh. Until independence of India, Tikamgarh was called as Tehri.

The early history of Tikamgarh district is however not chronicled, though as suggested by the numerous ruins of buildings and other old remains lies scattered at various places, viz Orchha, Garh Kudar, Prithvipur, Barana, Lidhoura, Digora, Mohangarg, Baldeogarh and Tikamgarh, it must be having a glorious past. The district was the part of vast empires successively ruled by the Mauryas, the Sungas and the imperial Guptas. It was in the first quarter of ninth century A.D., that Mannuka founded a new dynasty the Chandella dynasty in this area. Tikamgarh alongwith Khajuraho and Mahoba formed part of extensive Chandella Kingdom. The Khangras also held this region specially around Garh Kundar. The rising power of Bundelas in this region resulted into the downfall of the Khangras. The Orchha records trace the descent of the Bundela Kingdom of Orchha from Garh Kudar chiefs of Benaras Hemkaran, also known as Pancham Bundela.

Educational Institutions in Tikamgarh:

Public instruction in an organised manner came into existence only in the nineteenth century. In the year 1812, a treaty was signed between the British and the then King of Orchha. This was followed by the introduction of Lord Macaulay`s system in the year 1835. However, the first school was founded only in the year 1866, which remained the only educational institution in the state till 1877. In the beginning of the Century the literacy rate was 1.28 percent. In the year 1951 literacy rate has gone up to 3.57 percent. During the Census 1961, the district returned 9.67 percent. In the year 1971, the literacy rate has improved to 14.04 percent. In 1981 the literacy rate moved to 19.16 percent. In the 1991 Census the literacy rate was 34.78 percent. In the 2001 Census the literacy rate was 55.80 percent. There has been substantial progress in the number of educational institutions in the district of Tikamgarh. There are about six Degree Colleges or Post Graduate Colleges in this district imparting instructions in Arts, Science and Commerce. There are also Professional and Technical Schools and Colleges. Various schools are also present in the Tikamgarh district. Except the schools there are six Degree and Post Graduate colleges and few other professional Institutions.

They are: -
Govt.Post Graduate College, Tikamgarh

Govt. Birangana Rani Avanti Bai Lodhi Girls College.

Govt Degree College, Niwari

Govt. Degree College, Prithvipur.

Govt. Degree College, Palera

Govt. Degree College, Jatara

Govt. Polytechnic Tikamgarh.

Govt Technical School Tikamgarh.

Basic Training Institute, Kundeshwar.

School for the cultivation of fine Arts, Music and Dancing

Govt. Devendra Sanskrit Vidyalaya, Tikamgarh.


Hindi and other regional languages.


In Madhya Pradesh different religion people are living so festivals are also celebrating in a broader sense. There are many numerous festivals including Buddhist festival, Christian festival, Hindus festivals, Jain Festivals, Muslim Festivals. Except all these few local tribal festivals of Tikamgarh are Madai, Bhagoriya, Dussehra of Bastar, Karma

Tikamgarh city has one library named Devendra Pustakalaya, established in the year 1930. Now it is changed as district Library. Most of the people are surviving through cultivation. Both the kharif and rabi are important in this district.
Handlooms weaving The main corps of this district are Jower, Wheat, Paddy, Urad, till, Soya bean. Besides Gram, Moong, Masur and Tur dal are cultivated under different pulses. Rape, Mustard and linseed are the prominent oil seeds cultivated.Well, Canal, Tank are the main source of irrigation in Tikamgarh.

There is no any large or small industry in Tikamgarh. Only minor village industries such as woodwork units, handlooms weaving, pottery, brick making, utensil making and golden, silver and lac ornaments making are running by the village artisans class who inherited the skill of their craft.

Agriculture and related pursuits have always been the predominant occupation of the mainly rural area which, though not among the most fertile, has enough to reward well the tradition bound and hard working farming community of the district. Thus, agriculture is the major contributor to the economy of the district of Tikamgarh. The main crops of the district are Jowar, Paddy, Wheat, Urad and Till, Soyabean amongst the oilseeds while sugarcane also is grown to a certain extent. Both the Kharif and Rabi crops are grown in the district. Besides Gram, Urad and Moong are among other important pulses of the district and are grown generally in Kharif. The oilseed crops grown in the district may be mentioned as rape and mustered, groundnut and linseed while Soyabean cultivation gained much popularity.

How to reach Tikamgarh?

Nearest Railway Station:

Nearest railhead lies at Jhansi, lying on Delhi-Mumbai and Delhi-Jhansi main lines.

Nearest Airport:

Gwalior is the nearest airport to Tikamgarh.

Road Transport:

There are regular bus services connected to Orchha.

The district of Tikamgarh is not connected by any rail link. The distict doesn’t have any national highways either. The passenger buses ply regularly on almost all the main roads of the district. All the towns and big villages are directly connected by the bus transport. The passenger buses are run by both MPSRTC and private bus owners.

Tourist Attraction of Tikamgarh:

District of Tikamgarh is having several attractions which draw tourists in large numbers throughout the year. One of the attractions in this district is Ahar. This is a village of the Baldeogarh tehsil which lies on the side of Tikamgarh-Chhattarpur road at a distance of twenty five kilometers from the district headquarters. It is an old village said to have been populated by Jamalpur Ahars, which was once an important Jain Centre. Several ruins, old images and temples are located in this village. There are three old Jain temples and one of these temples holds an image of Shantinath, having a height of twenty feet. A tank belonging to the Chadella days with a fine dam stands here. Other places of tourist interest include the Achroo Mata, Baldeogarh, Jatara, Kudar, Kundeshwar, Madkhera, Niwari, Orchha, Palera, Papora, Prithvipur, Tikamgarh town, etc


A Village of Baldeogarh tehsil Ahar lies on the side of Tikamgarh-Chhattarpur road at a distance of 25 Km. from the district headquarters of the district. Regular buses are available to reach this place. It is evidently an old village said to have been populated by Jamalpur Ahars, which was once an important Jain Centre. Several ruins, Old images and temples are located here. The Village contain three old Jain temples one of these temple have an image of Shantinath, having height 20 feet. A tank of Chadella days with a fine dam stands here.

Achroo Mata:

A Village situated about 3 Km., west of Madia Village on Tikamgarh-Niwari road in the Prithvipur tehsil. The village stands on a hill. There is a well known temple of the Goddess of Achroo Mata. It is famous for a kund which is always filled with water and never dried irrespective of number of users. Every year on the occasion of Nav-Durga festival falling in the month of March-April (Chaitra), fair is organised under the supervision of Gram Panchyat.


The headquarters town of the Baldeogarh is a tehsil of the same name. It is situated on the Tikamgarh-Chhattarpur road at distance of 26 Km. from Tikamgarh. The massive rock fort standing above the beautiful tank Gwal-Sagar, presents a very pleasing sight. The fort is a very fine specimen of its class and one of the most picturesque in the region. A big old Gun is still placed in this fort. The town is known for its betel-leaf cultivation. The importance of town also lies in its famous temple of ' Vindhya Vasini Devi'. An annual seven days Vindhyavasani fair is held here in the month of Chaitra and attended by about 10,000 persons.


The headquarter town of the tehsil of the same name is situated on the Tikamgarh-Mau-Ranipur road, at a distance of 40 Km. from Tikamgarh. The nearest railway station is Mau Ranipur (U.P.). It lies below the level of Madan Sagar Lake. The lake is long and broad. It retained by two dams of great length. These dams are built by the Chandella Chief Madan Varman(1129-67) after whom the leke is called Madan Sagar. The Canals of the lake flows through the heart of the town.The place is if considerable interest of containing many Muhammadan buildings, most, if not all the later Mughal style Shahjahan.

KUDAR - (Garh Kudar):

It is one of the famous village of Niwari tehsil situated at a distance of 22 Km. on the Niwari-Senderi road. Buses are available to reach this place. Its importance lies in its having been the first place seized by the Bundelas from the Khangars. Kundar remained the capital of the State until 1539 when it was shifted to Orchha. On the top of a small hill stands a fort built by Maharaja Birsingh Dev. The temple of local Goddess Maha Maya Gridh Vasni stands here. There is a large tank held on the temple Goddess, which is called 'Singh Sagar'. A weekly market held on every Monday.


A important village situated 5 Km. south of Tikamgarh town on the bank of the Jamdar river. This place is famous for kundadev Mahadev temple. Ot is believed that Shiv Linga has emerged from Kunda . In the south of it there is beautiful picnic spot known as 'Barighar' and a beautiful waterfall known as 'Usha Water Fall'. The village possesses Achreological Museum and Vinobha Sansthan. Maharaja Birsingh deo established the Keshva Sahitya Sansthan which was partonized by Pandit Banarsidas Chaturvedi and Yaspal Jain during their stay at Kundeshwar.

Three big Melas held at Kundeshwar annually. An important fair attended by 50,000 persons held in pouse/Magh (January) on the occasion of Sankranti. Second held on the occasion of Basant Panchimi and third held on the Kartik Ekadasshi in the month of October/November.


A small village situated on the North-West of Tikamgarh town at a distance of about 20 Km.. The importance of this place lies in its famous SUN Temple. It entrance is from the east. SUN idol is placed here. The other main object of interest of the village is a temple of Vindhya Vasani Devi on the top of hill.


The headquarter town of the Niwari tehsil of the same name, is situated on the Tikamgarh-Jhansi road, at a distance of about 80 Km. to north-west of Tikamgarh. Niwari is the only tehsil town which is connected by the rail and lies on the Jhansi-Manikpur section of the Central railway. In former days a small fort was there but was demolished by the Marathas. It possesses an temple of Khedapati Hanumanji.


A village of Prithvipor tehsil, Orchha is situated on the Betwa river at a distance of about 13 Km. from tehsil headquarter. It is 15 Km. from Jhansi(U.P.). Orchha is linked by the rail on Jhansi-Manikpur section of the Central railway.

Orchha was the capital town of the state. It was founded by Maharaja Rudra Pratap Singh in 1531 A.D.. The name Orchha or Ondchha is traditionally derived from scoffing remark of a Rajput Chief who on visiting the site selected for capital town. On an island in the Betwa which has been surrounded by the battemented wall, and approached by a causeway over a fine bridge of fourteen arches, stands a huge palace fort mainly the work of Maharaja Bir Singh Dev. It consists of several connected buildings constructed at a different times. The finest of these are the Raj Mandir and Jahagir Mahal.

Orchha is famous religious centre of Hindus. It is known for its religious and cultural heritage. The following places are famous in the town. RAM RAJA TEMPLE , JAHAGIR MAHAL, CHATURBUJ TEMPLE, LAXMI TEMPLE, PHOOL BAGSHISH MAHAL, KANCHANA GHAT, CHANDRA SHEKHAR AZAD MEMORIAL, SAVAN- BHADON, HARDOL KI SAMADHI, BADI CHHATRIAN, RAI PRAVEEN MAHAL, KESHAV BHAVAN.


An important municipal town of Tikamgarh-Nowgaon road, at a distance of about 27 Km. from Jatara. Buses are available to reach this place. The town was originally given to Dharaman God, son of Bhagwan Rao, first chief of Datia. An annual fair held on the occasion of Ramnavmi.


It is an old village about 5 Km. south-east of Tikamgarh town. It is famous Jain pilgrimage centre which attracts large number of Jain devotees. The village contains about 80 old Jain temples. Few Jain temples are under construction. The famous Jain temples of twenty four Tirthakars is the main attraction of devotees. An important Jain fair, attended by 10,000 persons, held in the month of Kartika sudi Purnima. It is managed by the trust.


The headquarter town of tehsil Prithvipur. The name of the town derived from Prithvi Singh . Near the town lies Radha Sagar Tank. The Important temples of the town are Somnath temple, Ramjanki temple and Atan ke Hanumanji . The town posses a fort.


Tikamgarh is the headquarter town of the district and tehsil of the same name. The earlier name of the town was 'Tehri' (i..e. a triangle) consisting of three hamlets, forming a rough triangle. In the Tikamgarh town there is muhalla still known as 'Purani Tehri' . Before independence, it was the headquarter toen of the erstwhile Orchha State. The name of 'Tehri' was changed to Tikamgarh in 1887, in the honour of Lord Krishna, as Tikam is one of the name of Lord Krishna.

Hotels/Lodge/Accommodation in Tikamgarh:

There are a couple of hotels in Tikamgarh that offer good value for money. Set midst the peaceful environs, Tikamgarh hotels are located in close vicinity to the railway station, bust stand and the prime tourist attractions. The well-furnished rooms of the hotels are equipped with all modern amenities such as cable television, telephone, and safe lockers. Guests can pamper their palate at the multi cuisine restaurants of Tikamgarh hotels, which serve a wide choice of delicious cuisines at extremely affordable prices. Many additional facilities like doctor on call, car parking, Internet access, STD, laundry, credit card acceptance and travel assistance is also offered by the hotels in Tikamgarh.

The Orchha Resort‎Kanchanghat, Orchha , Tikamgarh -distt., Orchha, Madhya Pradesh
Ph no:4722460562 2225712 – 0562 2226520 (Fax) – 09319555232 (Mobile)

Hotel Fort View
Tikamgarh, Uttar Pradesh